The gmp library is the GNU Multiple Precision Arithmetic Library. This is a set of routines for doing high accuracy calculations.
The GNU Scientific Library (GSL) is a numerical library for C and C++ programmers. It is free software under the GNU General Public License.
LAPACK is a Linear Algebra PACKage. It is used to compile many scientific and mathematical software packages.
Eigen is a C++ template library for linear algebra: matrices, vectors, numerical solvers, and related algorithms.
libFLAME is a portable library for dense matrix computations, providing much of the functionality present in LAPACK, developed by current and former members of the Science of High-Performance Computing (SHPC) group in the Institute for Computational Engineering and Sciences at The University of Texas at Austin.
Maxima is a system for the manipulation of symbolic and numerical expressions.
The MCL algorithm is short for the Markov Cluster Algorithm, a fast and scalable unsupervised cluster algorithm for graphs (also known as networks) based on simulation of (stochastic) flow in graphs.
MKL is a Math Kernel Library sold by Intel. It has standard math functions such as BLAS and LAPACK in an optimized, thread safe format.